A Large Quantity of 的用法

      Quantity主谓一致是高中英语考试的重要考点之一,其中不乏难题,尤其是带有限定词的名词短语作主语时,最难选择谓语的单复数形式。例如,“a quantity of +名词”作主语时,谓语是用单数还是用复数就让广大考生困惑不已,因为目前的教辅读物中众说纷纭,矛盾重重,让人莫衷一是,到底是用单数还是用复数呢?下述几例选自学生中很有市场的几种教辅读物,他们的结论让学生误入歧途:

        1.《高中专项无敌---语法》(新疆青少年出版社---王建村)(P74) a large quantity of 不管后面跟可数名词还是不可数名词,都要用单数动词,比较:Large quantities of money have been sent there.A large quantity of books has been offered to us.

        2.《各个击破丛书(高中英语专项)---语法》(延边人民出版社---王建军)(数词与主谓一致p24)A (large) quantity of 修饰可数或不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数。例如:A large quantity of people is needed here.(large) quantities of修饰可数或不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用复数。例如:Quantities of food (nuts) were on the table.

        3.English Weekly专家篇:笔者遍阅专家语法,发现专家们的观点并非如此,他们认为:

1). 徐广联在《大学英语语法讲座与测试》(华东理工大学出版社)中表示,a quantity of 只能修饰不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。A quantity of 间或也可以修饰可数名词,例如,A quantity of baskets were on sale.

2). 张怀信在《英语高考活用图解辞典》(延边大学出版社)中讲到,a large/small quantity of 大量的/少量的(可以修饰可数名词或不可数名词),例如,I need a large quantity of oil (apples). quantities of 大批的,大量的,例如,Large quantities of polluted water are flowing into the sea. 该书所附〈语法祥解篇---主谓一致〉还明确指出“在以上(a lot of, lots of, plenty of, a large quantity of + 名词)的词组后面的名词是中心词,谓语动词根据后面的名词的数而定”。

3).顾南华在《中高级英语考试指南》(华中工学院出版社)中说,a quantity of, quantities of可跟可数名词与不可数名词,并举有三例:There is a large quantity of milk. Great quantities of fish are caught on the high sea. Large quantities of water are needed for cooling purposes.在452页讲到“a quantity of + 不可数名词”,谓语只用单数,“quantities of + 可数与不可数名词”,谓语要用复数。

4).章振邦在《新编英语语法》(上海译文出版社)212页中讲到,a quantity of既可用于复数可数名词,也可用于不可数名词。例如, A large quantity of flowers were heaped on the martyr’s tomb. A large quantity of beer was consumed. Quantities of food were on the table.

5). 刘锐诚在《学生使用英语高考必备》(中国青年出版社)中认为,a quantity of +名词[C,U][+单或复数动词],quantities of +名词[C,U] [+复数动词]。

6). 张鑫友在《英语语法难题新探(句法篇)》(中国地质大学出版社)529页中说,在…a large quantity of…等短语后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词。在它们分别和其后的名词构成短语作主语时,其谓语动词通常跟of后名词的具体情况而采用单数或复数形式。

     结论篇:1.a quantity of后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词。在它们分别和其后的名词构成短语作主语时,其谓语动词通常看of后名词的具体情况而采用单数或复数形式。如果是接不可数名词,则谓语用单数形式,如果是接复数可数名词,则谓语通常要采用复数形式(※偶而接单数式谓语,属非规范用法,宜慎用。)2.quantities of后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词,后面的谓语都用复数形式。

        但是,目前关注的重点是“a large quantity of +可数名词复数 + 动词的复数形式”是否可以的问题,下面是BBC网站新闻中找到的例句:

1. Two men have been arrested after a large quantity of cannabis plants, worth about £135,000, was discovered at a flat in Airdrie, North Lanarkshire.

2. An investigation has been launched over reports that large quantities of wood chip have been illegally tipped near a special area of conservation

3. … incident happened in Auldgirth some time between 23:00 on Monday and 10:00 on Sunday. Police said a large quantity of high value tools were stolen…

4. A large quantity of jewellery and cash has been stolen in a burglary in West Sussex which is being linked to a series of thefts of Asian gold.

5. A large quantity of Methedrone, three guns and ammunition have been found by police during a search in County Down.

6. A large quantity of test tubes with a liquid inside have washed up on Cornish beaches, the coastguard has said. Falmouth Coastguard said about

7. Two men have been arrested after a large quantity of cannabis plants, with an estimated street value of £475,000, was seized in Glasgow.

8. A large quantity of potentially explosive chemicals which was found at a Flintshire pharmaceuticals factory is to be removed.

9. During the robbery a large quantity of Bright Star-branded fireworks were stolen

10. A large quantity of wooden pallets are on

11. Police in India say the large quantity of explosives recovered from a car on Thursday was meant be used in an attack by militants on Delhi.

12. A large quantity of potatoes, which was being transported by one

13. A large quantity of cash, clothing and class A and B drugs were also recovered, police said.

14. a large quantity of the RNLI's employees were also volunteers

15. a large quantity of assorted weapons of different types and caliber were recovered

16. A large quantity of distressed assets on bank balance sheets has made raising capital for lending purposes difficult, he said.

免责声明:本文仅代表作者个人观点,著作权归作者所有。其原创性以及文中陈述文字和内容(包括图片、视频、附件等)未经本站证实,对本文以及其中全部或者部分内容、文字的真实性、完整性、及时性本站不作任何保证或承诺,请用户仅作参考,并请自行核实相关内容。转载作品务请注明出处,机构云平台、个人云空间的建设权、管理权、所有权均归实名机构和实名师生所有,与世界大学城无关。
标签:a large quantity of 的用法
还能输入 2000 个html字符

请选择举报类型:

需要补充举报说明:

举报电话:010-64074518